Medical care for pregnant women
If you are planning to become a mother, it is important that you see a doctor so that she/he can advise you on whether it is safe to get pregnant at a certain time.
As an expectant mother, your body requires folate so as to reduce the risk of giving birth to a baby with brain or spinal cord defects. Doctors will prescribe multivitamins, which are rich in folate and suitable for pregnant mothers.
Ideally, a medical doctor should discuss with the expectant mother on ways that can actually make the baby health. Other than examining the mother, the doctor will discuss with the mother about various factors that can impair the development of the fetus. Some of the factors include:
- Using alcohol or tobacco
- Exposing herself to secondhand smoke, which may harm the fetus.
- Coming in contact with cat feces or litter. Getting into contact with protozoans can damage the fetus’s brain. However, if the cat is confined in the home and is not exposed to other cats, it may not pose health risks.
- Getting in touch with people suffering from rubella
- Coming in contact with people suffering from shingles and chickenpox.
Other than visiting the doctor for tips mentioned above, the expectant mother should visit a health facility to get vaccinated from diseases such as rubella or go through genetic screening to help determine whether the woman and her spouse risks having a baby with a heredity disorder.
After the confirmation of the first pregnancy, the woman should be physically examined so that the length of pregnancy and the date of delivery estimated. The doctors may want to know more about the expectant mother.
They may want to know more about:
- The drugs the mother takes
- Details about previous pregnancies
- The mother’s history such as diabetes, birth defects and previous miscarriages.
The doctor will must then examine the pelvic, measure the weight, the height and the mother’s blood pressure. Lastly, the doctor should carry out blood and urine tests and advice the expectant mother on things to do and those to avoid to safeguard the pregnancy.