Women and Cardiovascular Health
1 in 4 women each year die as a result from complications of cardiovascular disease. There are many types of cardiovascular diseases that affect women. However, the number one type of cardiovascular disease that kills women is coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease is the result of plaque building up on the inner walls of the arteries of the heart. This plaque is consisted of fat, cholesterol and other substances. It can harden over time, and constrict blood flow and cause chest pain. The end result if not treated in time are blood clots and chest pain, and ultimately a severe heart attack.
There are many things that women can do to reduce the risk of death due to cardiovascular disease. For starters, women should assess their risk based on family health history. Women who have family members especially females that have suffered from cardiac complications are at increased risk for suffering the same. The type of cardiovascular disease should be noted, along if any deaths occurred as a result. Next a woman should limit her intake of fried, fatty, oily and fast foods. These type of foods consumed on an abundant basis can increase the risk of heart disease. Instead fresh fruits, vegetables and other foods especially those rich in nutrients such as lycopene, omega 3 fatty acids and antioxidants should be consumed. A healthy weight should also be maintained, as excess weight can cause undue pressure and work on the cardiovascular system. The right weight can be found by studying BMI charts which can be found online or at a physician’s office. Exercising for thirty minutes daily also keeps the cardiovascular system healthy. Simple exercises such as walking, jogging and/or swimming are great and low impact exercises.
Following the aforementioned tips, along with working with a physician and/or cardiologist can help women beat the odds of cardiovascular health disease.
- Alex Pieles